Urdu is Not a Lashkari Zaban
Urdu, the mother language of Pakistan, for long has been misinterpreted as a Lashkari Zaban or a Camp Language. Even many of our so-called Urdu teachers still believe in this myth. But this myth was denied long ago and still many of us still live in this dark myth.
Lashkari zaban, for those who don’t understand the term, is a language originated and imposed by the Mughals. Although, Urdu was never the language of the forces of the Mughals, but it came into existence when men from different origins with their mother languages came together. When the Mughal Empire recruited the Turks, Arabs, Persians, Pathans, Balochis, Rajputs, Jats and Afghans into their troops, a new language, Urdu came into life.
According to Wikipedia, the word Urdu is taken from a Turkic word Ordu, which means army. This meaning too added doubts that Urdu is a lashkari zaban. But it is completely the other way around. As said earlier, it is a myth, having a long history.
Searching for the Roots of Urdu
When we dig deeper, new realms come our way. Urdu is, in fact, not the language that was introduced in the reign of the Mughals. Hafiz Mahmood Sherani and Shams-ur-Rahman Farooqi, two of the renowned literature personalities had a deep research onthe history of Urdu. According to them, the word Urdu had its roots way beyond the arrival of the Mughals. The meaning of Urdu too had flung from different nuances. Some are convinced that Urdu came into life in the reign of Shah Jahan. A further study takes us back to Ameer Khusrau. Ameer Khusrau is one of the legends famous for his work on poetry and Sufi music. Ameer Khusrau was born on 1253, Patiyali, India and died in 1325. Besides Persian, Hindustani and Panjabi, his work is also found in Urdu. This again clears the myth the Urdu is not a Lashkari Zaban, formed in the rule of the Mughals. Even from the writings of the Great Emperor Babar, we can extract some words in Urdu.
A linguist’s Research
According to Max Muller, languages do not come into existence just by combining two or more different languages. A language can only change its features with time. Same is the case with the mother language of Pakistan. Urdu has been living since long. With time and perfection, it changed its shapes. It got enriched and strengthened with time. So, believing that Urdu was a lashkari zaban, catered only to ease the communication between the troops from different mother tongues, is just a myth.
So, what constituted Urdu? From the little research that I made, I have got new answers. Urdu is a language with history beyond the Mughals intrusion in the sub-continent. It has its roots in Sanskrit/Prakrit. It is also a true fact that with time Urdu enriched itself with nouns and adjectives from Arabic, Persian, Turkish, Pashto and more. So, it is the language of the Indo-Aryans and not that of the troops of the Mughals.
More to read on The History of Urdu Literature
Bilal is a web content developer and a blogger. He has been writing since long. He started writing as an SEO article writer, but with time he is getting keener in exploring new realms. This led him to GT Road. GTRoad.pk is going to be your next resourceful option to learn more about Pakistan and its culture and history.
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